E.A. Sergienko *, A.I. Melehin**
The analysis of foreign and own studies Theory of Mind - the ability to understand the mental states of themselves and other people in elderly people was presented. It is shown that the mental model (theory of mind) is a new paradigm of cognitive psychology, effective for the analysis of late ontogeny. This paradigm has its own specificities and differs from the paradigm of social cognition. It argued the hypothesis that the Theory of Mind is the mental mechanism of social cognition, but it has the differentiated features of these paradigms. Generalization of researches cognitive and affective components, Theory of Mind in elderly and senile age have shown that this ability did not change totally. There is heterogeneity of mental ability to understand the psychological world with a greater degree of safety emotional component. The factors that affect the efficiency of Theory of mind were extracted in elderly persons (methodological, neuroanatomical, cognitive, psychosocial). We described the development strategies Theory of mind in aging.
Keywords: theory of mind, elderly age, senile age, the heterogeneity changes cognitive component theory of mind, affective component theory of mind, factors theory of mind, development strategies
 Работа выполнена при финансировании ФАНО, Государственное задание РФ № 0159-2015-0006.
* Sergienko Elena Alekseevna – doctor of psychological sciences, professor, chief researcher of the Institute of psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. E-mail: Elenas13@mail.ru
** Melehin Aleksey Igorevich – postgraduate student of the Institute of psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Clinical psychologist School №. 1349. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org